Ncert Solutions for Class 10

Arithmetic Progressions

Arithmetic Progressions

Exercise 5.1

1. In which of the following situations, does the list of numbers involved make an arithmetic progression and why?

(i) The taxi fare after each km when the fare is Rs 15 for the first km and Rs 8 for each additional km.

(ii) The amount of air present in a cylinder when a vaccum pump removes \(\frac{1}{4}\) of the air remaining in the cylinder at a time.

(iii) The cost of digging a well after every metre of digging, when it costs Rs 150 for the first metre and rises by Rs 50 for each subsequent metre.

(iv) The amount of money in the account every year, when Rs 10000 is deposited at compound interest at 8 % per annum.

2. Write first four terms of the AP, when the first term a and the common difference d are given as follows:

(i)  a = 10, d = 10 

(ii) a = –2, d = 0

(iii) a = 4, d = – 3

(iv) a = – 1, \(d=\frac{1}{2}\)

(v)  a = – 1.25,  d = – 0.25

3. For the following APs, write the first term and the common difference:

(i)  3, 1, – 1, – 3, . . .

(ii)  – 5, – 1, 3, 7, . . .

(iii) \(\frac{1}{3}, \frac{5}{3}, \frac{9}{3}, \frac{13}{3}, …\)

(iv) 0.6, 1.7, 2.8, 3.9, ….

4. Which of the following are APs ? If they form an AP, find the common difference d and write three more terms.

(i) 2, 4, 8, 16, ……. 

(ii) \(2, \frac{5}{2}, 3, \frac{7}{2}, …\)

(iii) -1.2, -3.2, -5.2, -7.2, …

(iv) -10, -6, -2, 2, …

(v) 3, \(3+\sqrt2\), \(3+2\sqrt2\), \(3+3\sqrt2\), … 

(vi) 0.2, 0.22, 0.222, 0.2222, …

(vii) 0, -4, -8, -12, …

(viii) \(-\frac{1}{2}, -\frac{1}{2}, -\frac{1}{2}, …\)

(ix) 1, 3, 9, 27, …..    

(x) a, 2a, 3a, 4a, ….        

(xi) \(a, a^2, a^3, a^4, …\)

(xii) \(\sqrt2, \sqrt8,\)\(\sqrt{18}, \sqrt{32}, …\)

(xiii) \(\sqrt3, \sqrt6, \sqrt9, \sqrt{12}, …\)

(xiv) \(1^2, 3^2, 5^2, 7^2, …\)

(xv) \(1^2, 5^2, 7^2, 73, …\)

Arithmetic Progressions

Exercise 5.2

1. Fill in the blanks in the following table, given that a is the first term, d the common difference and \(a_n\) the nth term of the AP:
2. Choose the correct choice in the following and justify:

(i)  30th term of the AP: 10, 7, 4, . . . , is

(A) 97

(B) 7 7

(C) –77

(D)  – 87

(ii) 11th term of the A.P.: \(-3, -\frac{1}{2}, 2, …\) is:

(A) 28

(B) 22

(C) –38

(D) \(-48\frac{1}{2}\).

3. In the following APs, find the missing terms in the boxes:

4. Which term of the AP : 3, 8, 13, 18, . . . ,is 78?

5. Find the number of terms in each of the following APs:

(i) 7, 13, 19, . . . , 205

(ii) 18, \(15\frac{1}{2}\), 13, …, -47

6. Check whether – 150 is a term of the AP: 11, 8, 5, 2 . . .

7. Find the 31st term of an AP whose 11th term is 38 and the 16th term is 73.

8. An AP consists of 50 terms of which 3rd term is 12 and the last term is 106. Find the 29th term.

9. If the 3rd and the 9th terms of an AP are 4 and – 8 respectively, which term of this AP is zero?

10. The 17th term of an AP exceeds its 10th term by 7. Find the common difference.

11. Which term of the AP: 3, 15, 27, 39, . . . will be 132 more than its 54th term?

12. Two APs have the same common difference. the difference between their 100th terms is 100, what is the difference between their 1000th terms?

13. How many three-digit numbers are divisible by 7?

14. How many multiples of 4 lie between 10 and 250?

15. For what value of n, are the nth terms of two APs: 63, 65, 67, . . . and 3, 10, 17, . . . equal?

16. Determine the AP whose third term is 16 and the 7th term exceeds the 5th term by 12.

17. Find the 20th term from the last term of the AP: 3, 8, 13, . . ., 253.

18. The sum of the 4th and 8th terms of an AP is 24 and the sum of the 6th and 10th terms is 44. Find the first three terms of the AP.

19. Subba Rao started work in 1995 at an annual salary of Rs 5000 and received an increment of Rs 200 each year. In which year did his income reach Rs 7000?

20. Ramkali saved Rs 5 in the first week of a year and then increased her weekly savings by Rs 1.75. If in the nth week, her weekly savings become Rs 20.75, find n.

Arithmetic Progressions

Exercise 5.3

1. Find the sum of the following APs: 

(i) 2, 7, 12 ,…, to 10 terms. 

(ii) – 37, – 33, – 29 ,…, to 12 terms

(iii) 0.6, 1.7, 2.8 ,……, to 100 terms

(iv) \({1 \over 15}, {1 \over 12}, {1 \over 10}, … \) to 11 terms.

2. Find the sums given below: 

(i) \(7 + 10 {1 \over 2} + 14 + ………… + 84 \) 

(ii) 34 + 32 + 30 + ……… + 10 

(iii) -5 + ( -8) + ( -11) + ………… + ( -230)

3. In an AP :

(i) Given a = 5, d = 3, \(a_n = 50 \), find n and \(S_n \).

(ii) Given a = 7, \(a_{13} = 35 \), find d and \(S_{13} \).

(iii) Given \(a_{12} = 37 \), d = 3, find a and \(S_{12} \).

(iv) Given \(a_3 = 15 \), \(S_{10} = 125 \), find d and \(a_{10} \).

(v) Given d = 5, \(S_9 = 75 \), find a and \(a_9 \).

(vi) Given a = 2, d = 8, \(S_n = 90 \), find n and \(a_n \).

(vii) Given a = 8, \(a_n = 62 \), \(S_n = 210 \), find n and d.

(viii) Given \(a_n = 4 \), d = 2, \(S_n = -14 \), find n and a.

(ix) Given a = 3, n = 8, S = 192, find d.

(x) Given l = 28, S = 144 and there are total 9 terms. Find a.

4. How many terms of the AP. 9, 17, 25 … must be taken to give a sum of 636?

5. The first term of an AP is 5, the last term is 45 and the sum is 400. Find the number of terms and the common difference.

6. The first and the last term of an AP are 17 and 350 respectively. If the common difference is 9, how many terms are there and what is their sum?

7. Find the sum of first 22 terms of an AP in which d = 7 and 22nd term is 149.

8. Find the sum of first 51 terms of an AP whose second and third terms are 14 and 18 respectively.

9. If the sum of first 7 terms of an AP is 49 and that of 17 terms is 289, find the sum of first n terms.

10. Show that \(a_1, a_2 … , a_n , … \) form an AP where an is defined as below:

(i) \(a_n = 3 + 4n \)

(ii) \(a_n = 9 – 5n \)

Also find the sum of the first 15 terms in each case.

11. If the sum of the first n terms of an AP is \(4n – n^2 \), what is the first term (that is \(S_1 \))? What is the sum of first two terms? What is the second term? Similarly find the 3rd, the10th and the nth terms.

12. Find the sum of first 40 positive integers divisible by 6.

13. Find the sum of first 15 multiples of 8.

14. Find the sum of the odd numbers between 0 and 50.

15. A contract on construction job specifies a penalty for delay of completion beyond a certain date as follows: Rs. 200 for the first day, Rs. 250 for the second day, Rs. 300 for the third day, etc., the penalty for each succeeding day being Rs. 50 more than for the preceding day. How much money the contractor has to pay as penalty, if he has delayed the work by 30 days.

16. A sum of Rs 700 is to be used to give seven cash prizes to students of a school for their overall academic performance. If each prize is Rs 20 less than its preceding prize, find the value of each of the prizes.

17. In a school, students thought of planting trees in and around the school to reduce air pollution. It was decided that the number of trees, that each section of each class will plant, will be the same as the class, in
which they are studying, e.g., a section of class I will plant 1 tree, a section of class II will plant 2 trees and so on till class XII. There are three sections of each class. How many trees will be planted by the students?

18. A spiral is made up of successive semicircles, with centres alternately at A and B, starting with centre at A of radii 0.5, 1.0 cm, 1.5 cm, 2.0 cm, ……… as shown in figure. What is the total length of such a spiral made up of thirteen consecutive semicircles? (Take \( \pi={22 \over 7}\))

19. 200 logs are stacked in the following manner: 20 logs in the bottom row, 19 in the next row, 18 in the row next to it and so on. In how many rows are the 200 logs placed and how many logs are in the top row?

20. In a potato race, a bucket is placed at the starting point, which is 5 m from the first potato and other potatoes are placed 3 m apart in a straight line. There are ten potatoes in the line. A competitor starts from the bucket, picks up the nearest potato, runs back with it, drops it in the bucket, runs back to pick up the next potato, runs to the bucket to drop it in, and she continues in the same way until all the potatoes are in the bucket. What is the total distance the competitor has to run?