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1. How many tangents can a circle have?

2. Fill in the blanks:

(i) A tangent to a circle intersects it in ___________ point (s).

(ii) A line intersecting a circle in two points is called a _______________ .

(iii) A circle can have __________________ parallel tangents at the most.

(iv) The common point of a tangent to a circle and the circle is called _____________ .

3. A tangent PQ at a point P of a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre O at a point Q so that OQ = 12 cm. Length PQ is:

(A) 12 cm (B) 13 cm (C) 8.5 cm (D) \(\sqrt{119}\) cm.

4. Draw a circle and two lines parallel to a given line such that one is a tangent and the other, a secant to the circle.

In Q.1 to 3, choose the correct option and give justification.

1. From a point Q, the length of the tangent to a circle is 24 cm and the distance of Q from the centre is 25 cm. The radius of the circle is:

(A) 7 cm (B) 12 cm (C) 15 cm (D) 24.5 cm

2. In Figure, if TP and TQ are the two tangents to a circle with centre O so that ∠POQ = 110°, then ∠PTQ is equal to:

(A) 60° (B) 70° (C) 80° (D) 90°

3. If tangents PA and PB from a point P to a circle with centre O are inclined to each other at angle of 80°, then ∠POA is equal to:

(A) 50° (B) 60° (C) 70° (D) 80°

4. Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a diameter of a circle are parallel.

5. Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through the centre.

6. The length of a tangent from a point A at distance 5 cm from the centre of the circle is 4 cm. Find the radius of the circle.

7. Two concentric circles are of radii 5 cm and 3 cm. Find the length of the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle.

8. A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle (see Figure). Prove that AB + CD = AD + BC.

9. In Figure, XY and X’Y’ are two parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and another tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’Y’ at B. Prove that ∠ AOB = 90°.

10. Prove that the angle between the two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle is supplementary to the angle subtended by the line-segment joining the points of contact at the centre.

11. Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus.

12. A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of lengths 8 cm and 6 cm respectively (see Figure). Find the sides AB and AC.

13. Prove that opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.